On October 25th of 1945, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) was created in order to take primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, by solving international disputes diplomatically rather than through violent means. The Security Council has the power to rule over all of its members and is tasked with assessing threats to international security, such as civil wars, natural disasters, arms control, and terrorism. However, in desperate instances, the Security Council may choose to permit the use of force and armed operations to secure peace or impose economic sanctions and other financial penalties on parties. The Council consists of 5 permanent members and 10 non-permanent members, which are elected after a two-year span. The permanent members include the United States, the Russian Federation, France, China, and the United Kingdom. These are called the P5 and they have veto powers. Veto powers mean that if any one of the P5 does not agree with the resolution, it will not pass. All other countries including the P5 then have to come together to work cooperatively through dialogue and diplomacy to ensure peace and security at a global scale.
Measures to address the endangerment of the innocent in the Israel and Palestine conflict